Eric Clapton was on 30 March 1945 in Ripley in the county Surrey, England, born. His mother Patricia Molly Clapton was when he was born only 16 years old. His father was stationed in England 24-year-old Canadian soldier Edward Walter Fryer, who had left the country at birth already again. As an illegitimate child Clapton grew from the age of two with his maternal grandparents in Ripley in Surrey in England. This concealed him his ancestry, leaving him in the belief that his mother was his sister.
The young Clapton was a rather quiet, but above average gifted child in his school days. Clapton broke his art studies at the London Kingston University off to in 1963 to join the age of 17 his first band, the Roosters.
In 1963 was Eric Clapton guitarist Yardbirds, with which in 1965 he whose biggest hit "For Your Love"Grossed. After leaving the group, as they were too commercial to him, in April 1965 he joined the Bluesbreakers from John Mayall at. He participated in the recording of the album "Blues Breakers with Eric Clapton"Part.
Mid-1966 left Eric Clapton the Bluesbreakers and was formed with Ginger Baker (Drums) and Jack Bruce (Bass), both previously in Graham Bond Organization had played, the Power Trio Cream, the first supergroup of rock music. The group had several big hits like "I Feel Free","Sunshine Of Your Love","White Room","Crossroads","Strange Brew"Or"BadgeHowever, "and corresponding commercial success. In particular, the ongoing open differences between Bruce and Baker difficult musical collaboration permanently in the band.
Clapton began at this time, even to sing and write songs. His compositions and his whole style were strongly in this period of The band affected. With George Harrison of the Beatles he wrote the Cream-title "Badge". The lifelong friendship between the two led to the involvement Clapton during Beatles recording of "While My Guitar Gently Weeps" (1968). Up to Harrison's death in 2001, Clapton played often at his solo recordings, joint live performances were not uncommon.
After the surprising resolution of 1968 Cream Clapton played in December of the same year made an appearance in "The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus" in which he with John Lennon, Keith Richards and Mitch Mitchell as The Dirty Mac occurred. In March of the following year, he and Steve Winwood the group blind Faith - In the cast of Eric Clapton (lead guitar), Steve Winwood (organ, piano, vocals), Ginger Baker (drums) and Ric Grech (Bass, violin). After the release of the music excellent - award-winning - album "Blind Faith" and a successful tour broke up in september 1969, this formation on. Between the individual individualistic band members, the differences on the future musical direction of Blind Faith were simply too big. A short time later worked Clapton in John Lennon's new live band, the Plastic Ono Band, and on the album "Friends And Angels" from Martha Velez With.
End of 1969 toured with Clapton Delaney Bonnie, after moving to New York, and took in 1970 his first solo album. With the decoupling of the J.-J.-Cale song "After Midnight" it reached a moderate success in the US charts. He also played at this time often in the recordings of other musicians, so with the Plastic Ono Band and Dr. John.
With some of the band musicians from Delaney Bonnie then he founded Derek and the Dominos, the the acclaimed album "Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs"Recorded, wherein also Duane Allman starred. The album is heavily influenced by the blues and to this day in particular because of the interplay of the two outstanding guitarists as one of the best albums Clapton. The title song "Layla" is one of the most played rock songs of the 1970s. He takes up the theme of the love story "Layla and Majnun" by the Persian poet Nezami on; Clapton felt for his then not unrequited love to Pattie Boyd-Harrison in the like situation. The group went on tour without Allman, although still published a double live album, but broke apart a short time later.
Clapton continued to play in numerous studio recordings of friends like John Lennon and Billy Preston and with Howlin 'Wolf at its London session. During this time he fell to drugs and was addicted to heroin. In 1971 Clapton part in George Harrison's Concert for Bangladesh, where he collapsed on stage. He lived in a "cloud of pink cotton," he said in an interview with Rolling Stone, but was going through a novel electrotherapy of the addiction.
In 1973 he entered the of Pete Townshend organized Rainbow Concert on - his star-studded backing band called itself The Palpitations. Townshend helped Clapton so at an early comeback after very heavy drug time. In 1974, Clapton 461 "Ocean Boulevard" on. His version of Bob Marleys "I Shot the Sheriff"Became a hit and made Marley and reggae generally known to a wider audience. Racist remarks Clapton during a concert in August 1976 in Birmingham and in subsequent interviews led to the establishment of the initiative Rock Against Racism.  Eric Clapton lived since the mid-1970s with Pattie Boyd-Harrison together in 1979 they married. Some time later, Clapton was dependent on alcohol. After treatment for addiction, he suffered a relapse. The second, now successful, addiction led him to found on Antigua rehabilitation center.
After treatment for his addiction problems Clapton took in the 1980s again on plates. With Phil Collins produced albums "Behind The Sun"(1985) and"August"(1986) clearly showed the Collins preferred smooth, pop-oriented style with synth-drums and horns, but provided mainly in the UK considerable sales success. Originally wanted Clapton album"One More Car - One More Rider"Call, however Conor decided because his son the birth month for the name" August ". During the subsequent live album in 2001 he came to the name back. The album" August "reached # 3 on the British charts. The opening song"It's In The Way That You Use It"Was for the soundtrack of the feature film"The Color of Money" With Tom Cruise and Paul Newman used. Clapton joined together with his idol Also in 1986 Chuck Berry at the concert on the 60th anniversary in St. Louis. In 1989 the album "Journeyman" was published.
With the album "From the cradle"Clapton returned in 1994 to his blues roots back. On the of Simon Climie produced albums "Pilgrim"(1998) and"Reptile"(2001) again dominated more pop-oriented songs.
In 1989, Clapton divorced Pattie Boyd-Harrison, after he had become in 1985 and 1986 two children of loose relationships. In the early 1990s had to live through some tragic events Clapton. On August 27 In 1990, Stevie Ray Vaughan, who was on tour with Clapton, in a helicopter crash killed; on 20 March 1991, died his four and a half year old son Conor in a fall from the 53rd floor of a skyscraper in New York. Of his mourning were the songs "Circus" as "Tears In Heaven"Which, like the shot in January 1992 MTV Unplugged session won a Grammy.
In the 1990s, he had a relationship with the musician Sheryl Crow. In this decade, Clapton took repeated on new versions of old blues standards, which were characterized by his excellent guitar playing. His critics the convinced especially common shooting Carlos Santana. Published in 2000, Clapton "Riding With The King" along with B. B. King.
1999 learned Clapton the then 25-year-old graphic artist Melia McEnery , whom he married 2002nd With her Clapton has three children.
2002 Eric Clapton organized on 29 November at the Royal Albert Hall the Concert for George, a memorial concert for George Harrison, to which he invited friends of Harrison, including Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, Jeff Lynne, Tom Petty the Heartbreakers, Ravi Shankar, Billy Preston, Gary Brooker, Klaus Voormann and Joe Brown. In addition, Olivia Harrison and their son Dhani were present, which also appeared in the band.
2004 organized the Clapton Crossroads Guitar Festival Whose revenues have gone as fundraiser at the same rehab in Antigua in Dallas.
In May 2005, Clapton appeared at the Royal Albert Hall in London with Ginger Baker (drums) and Jack Bruce (bass) in a Cream Reunion Concert in the original line up. In November 2006, appeared "The Road to Escondido"A joint album with JJ Cale. End of April 2007 ended Clapton world tour.
The revenue of the second Crossroads Guitar Festival on july 28, 2007 in Chicago benefited the Rehabilitation Clinic. The event participants: Jeff Beck, Doyle Bramhall II, Robert Cray, Sheryl Crow, Vince Gill, Buddy Guy, BB King, Alison Krauss and Union Station, Sonny Landreth, Albert Lee, Los Lobos, John Mayer, John McLaughlin, Willie Nelson , Robert Randolph, Hubert Sumlin, Derek Trucks, Jimmie Vaughan, Steve Winwood and many more.
After a series of concerts with Steve Winwood in February 2008 Clapton graduated in summer 2008 in the US and Europe a tour. This he set in early 2009 continued in Japan and Australia. In May 2009, Clapton played a series of concerts at the Royal Albert Hall in London. In autumn 2009, Clapton returned again for 14 concerts with Winwood back to the US. In March 2009, Clapton appeared at New York's Beacon Theatre as a guest on two evenings with the Allmann Brothers Band. The band played a series of concerts for their 40th anniversary.
After the acclaimed concerts with Steve Winwood continued to tour in Europe in 2010 continued. In between playing Clapton a small series of solo concerts in the United States Roger Daltrey as support. In September 2010, his 14th solo album was released, titled "Clapton".
In July 2014 published Eric Clapton and some of his friends the tribute album "The Breeze - An Appreciation Of J.J. Cale. "With the album Clapton bowed for the last time before the 2013 deceased Tulsa legend J.J. Cale and could therefor some of the most famous musicians of Tulsa Sounds win: Mark Knopfler, John Mayer, Willie Nelson, Tom Petty, Derek Trucks and Don White.
Eric Clapton is the only representative musicians three times in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: the Yardbirds (1992), with Cream (1994) and as a solo artist (2000).
be published in 2016 Eric Clapton 23 studio album "I Still Do". For this, he worked again with producer Glyn Johns together, already the Clapton classics "Slowhand"(1977) was produced.
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