The trumpeter, singer and entertainer Louis Armstrong called, 'Satchmo' or 'Pops' was, and the best-known jazz musician remains Ever. He arrived on August 4th 1901 in a block with the number 719 in the Jane Alley in New Orleans to the world. His mother Mary Albert came from the louisianischen Boutte and was not yet of age, when her son was born. She felt no more responsible for the boy as the father William Armstrong and left him soon after birth of the devoutly Catholic grandmother Josephine. Little Louis grew therefore in one of the poorest areas of New Orleans, nicknamed The Battlefield on, not far from the legendary red light district, Storyville. He was asked by the age of seven on himself and earned his livelihood by all sorts of odd jobs. The beginning of 1914 he was sent to the reform school "Colored Waif's Home For Boys" after he shot at a New Year's celebration of youthful exuberance with a revolver in the air. He came by Captain Peter Davis first forays into the cornet in contact.
After discharge Armstrong initially brought through by all sorts of auxiliary works and hovered while in relevant places his hometown around until the cornet King Oliver noticed him. The two musicians became friends, Armstrong received practical instrumental lessons and did his job so well that he could take the place of representative of his patron in the band of trombonist Kid Ory 1917th It was one of einscheidenden phases in the life of the young musician, because from then on it was slow. Armstrong tingelte with show bands on Mississippi riverboats, followed in 1922 with the "Creole Jazz Band" King Oliver to Chicago and able to participate even at first recordings as the "Chimes Blues (1923) His second wife -. He was four times married - who pianist Lilian "Lil" Hardin, he finally gave her the idea to try it with your own combo.
In 1925 the original line-up of the "Hot Five" was launched with Hardin, Kid Ory, Johnny Dodds on clarinet and banjo player Johnny St.Cyr. Which specializes in black Race Records label Okeh offered the soon spiked seven musicians newcomers a forum, published from February 1926 to December 1928 FIVE dozen shots. The sound of the "Hot Five" / "Hot Seven" sessions was unusual and promising, he linked but the liberal ideas of the Chicago School with the traditional style ideas from New Orleans. They apply from today's perspective as the real beginning of jazz on vinyl and also formed the starting point for Armstrong's career.
His international breakthrough, however, was still a few years away. Depression, Depression and Prohibition brought the music business in distress. Clubs and stages have been concluded, the employment situation deteriorated noticeably. Armstrong therefore moved in 1929 to New York and was hired by the black revue Hot Chocolates of "Connie's Inn" in Harlem and on Broadway. In the same year he succeeded with "Is not Misbehavin '" a Schellackhit. Thus the basis for his own orchestra was created, with which he toured regularly from then on by America. About the music, he discovered the medium of film in itself and entered into numerous strips as a guest or performer on ( "Pennies From Heaven", 1936; "Goin 'Places" 1939 "Pillow The Bost", 1945; "Glenn Miller Story "1954;" high Society ", 1956;" Paris Blues ", 1960).
After the end of World War II and forced by the troops support support the Swing Orchestra, started the jazz world to fundamentally change. New flows from Harlem and the 52nd Street made the Bebop popular, nevertheless remained Armstrong Old Lion of the traditional style in business. He made it in 1949 with "Blueberry Hill" in the American charts and the title of Time magazine. Even the critical readers of the prestigious magazine Downbeat scene remained him weighed and selected him in 1952 "the most significant musical personality of all time". Satchmo was one hand the figurehead of the New Orleans revival and made it to the other side by albums like with Ella Fitzgerald ( "Ella Louis ", 1956) or Oscar Peterson (" LA meets OP ", 1957) to preserve his artistic integrity. He was 1957 and 1958 at the Newport Festival guest, appeared with hits like" Hello Dolly "(1964) and" What A despite several heart failure in 1959, in 1968 and in early 1971 Wonderful World "(1968) in the charts and remained almost constantly active. on july 6, 1971 Louis Armstrong died in New York in his sleep. with it adopted one of the most important integration figures and mentors jazz from the stage, the person and work continues to fascinate people around the world.
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